United States, the United Kingdom, and Norway (the Troika) commend the Sudanese as they celebrate the first anniversary of the signing of Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) on October 3, 2020. This historic agreement responds to the Sudanese people’s calls for freedom, peace and justice, especially from those affected by conflict across Sudan.
We commend the JPA signatories for upholding their partnership and now urge the parties to recommit to fully implement the agreement.
The Troika applauds the strides made in transitional justice including the government’s cooperation with the International Criminal Court (ICC). We welcome the Cabinet’s stated commitment to hand over former President Omar Al Bashir and other former officials subject to international arrest warrants, and urge the government to move quickly on this commitment and to make progress on establishing the Special Court for Darfur. Due legal process will give justice to victims and start the process for reconciliation.
We are however deeply concerned by delays implementing commitments made one year ago. This includes in establishing the Peace Commission, Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism, the Transitional Legislative Assembly, and establishing the Darfur Security Keeping Forces and JPA security arrangements. Progress is needed now.
We urge all JPA signatories to demonstrate leadership and work together to refocus on implementation to deliver much needed peace and security for the people. Special efforts should be made to meet the ambitious goals set in the Constitutional Declaration and JPA for the involvement of women.
Accountability must also be prioritised, including for gender-based violence and conflict related sexual violence, to strengthen the rule of law and protection of civilians. We welcome the parties’ commitment to full and unlimited cooperation with the ICC over Sudanese individuals subject to arrest warrants.
Moving forward we call for full, equal and meaningful participation of women at all levels of governance and in legislation, including in the peace process. We know from experience and research that inclusivity leads to a more sustainable peace and a more democratic society.
The Troika is disappointed with the loss of momentum in peace negotiations with the SPLM-N Abdelaziz Alhilu. We urge Chairman Alhilu and the Government of Sudan to return to Juba and negotiate on the basis of the March 2021 Declaration of Principles.
Lastly, the Troika note with concern the growing unrest in Eastern Sudan and condemn actions that threaten Sudan’s stability and economy. We encourage the government and all Eastern parties to engage in dialogue to address legitimate grievances on the basis of the Constitutional Declaration and the JPA.
The Troika remains committed to supporting the Government of Sudan and the JPA parties to deliver their vision for lasting peace as part of the democratic transition agreed in 2019. Sustainable peace will require dedicated and Sudanese-led efforts to implement the JPA in a timely manner so all can benefit from equitable development, a new constitution, equal citizenship, and the opportunity to choose a democratically elected government.
The Troika looks forward to continuing our support to the parties and all Sudanese in the realization of a lasting peace.