Dr. John Garang de Mabior boarding an helicopter/Photo: AFP
Dr. Riek Machar Teny’s idea of Self-determination was broadly rejected by the top political and military leaders within the SPLM/A. An idea that later caused mistrust, conflict leading to the death of thousands of civilians and displacing millions.
It was the idea of an Independent South Sudan.
This led to the split of the SPLM/A in 1991 and the subsequent Bor massacred. The two factions: SPLM Torit led by Dr. John Garang and Dr. Machar in charge of Nasir faction became a bitter enemy.
Initially, Machar hoped that Garang would agree with the idea after years of persuasion. However, things were not going as planned. Following the violence division that took place within the movement in 1991.
More than 21 years later (1991-2011), South Sudan gained its independence from the north through a popular referendum in 2011.
It was the agreement between Dr. John Garang and Dr. Machar in 1993 according to a document obtained by Ramciel Broadcasting documented by the United States of America, the office of the Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa.
Below is the letter of the agreement.