The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam has been a focal point of Nile waters’ dispute between Ethiopia and Egypt.
But what is this dam, why is it causing panic in Egypt and where is it located?
According to the Wikipedia,
The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is a gravity dam on the Blue Nile River in Ethiopia that has been under construction since 2011. It is in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia, about 15 km (9 mi) east of the border with Sudan. At 6.45 gig watts, the dam will be the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa when completed, as well as the seventh largest in the world. As of October 2019, the work stood at approximately 70% completion. Once completed, the reservoir could take anywhere between 5 and 15 years to fill with water, depending on hydrologic conditions during the filling period and agreements reached between Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt.[11
The leaked reports indicate that Egypt secretly intends to disrupt the dam construction and probably bombs it before completion. With move to Pagak, this means that Egypt will have an added advantage at the negotiating table or be it full blown war. The securing of the military base is also decried by the local community for the fear of the land turning into a warzone. The aftermaths of such would be long term wounds.
Despite a leaked report circulating, the South Sudan government has denied the claims on Wednesday, citing that there wasn’t an agreement with its Egyptian ally. The negotiations have however been conducted through the Embassies and the foreign affair offices and believed to be very core secretes. The ideal fact is the vacuum that exists in the South Sudan government and everything is exposed to air. The Ethiopian government has not commented on the subject matter but might have taken it gravely through its intelligence.
With such move being materialized as per the agreement, the horn of Africa is likely to be subjected to a prolonged armed conflict.
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